Friday, June 2

Agile Technique: How to get started with Agile

How Is Agile Methodology Defined?

Agile methodology refers to a development and testing approach that emphasizes continuous iteration all through the project’s software development lifecycle. In contrast to the Waterfall approach, the Agile style of software testing allows for parallel development and testing operations.

Agile Software Development – What Is It?

Agile software development is one of the most straightforward and efficient methods for translating a company’s idea into software solutions. Agile is a word that refers to methods to software development that emphasize continuous planning, learning, improvement, collaboration, evolutionary development, and early delivery. It promotes adaptability to change. Agile software development places a premium on four fundamental principles.

  • Interactions between individuals and teams about procedures and tools
  • Over extensive documentation, functional software is preferred.
  • Collaboration with customers prior to contract negotiation
  • Adapting to change rather than adhering to a plan

Agile Methodology

Agile testing incorporates a variety of Agile techniques, which are mentioned below:


SCRUM is an agile development methodology that focuses on task management in a team-based development environment. Scrum is formed from the action that takes place during a rugby match. Scrum promotes empowerment of the development team and the use of small teams (say- 7 to 9 members). Agile and Scrum are composed of three roles, each of which has the following responsibilities:

Scrum Master

The master is responsible for establishing the team, sprint meetings, and removing impediments to progress.
The Product Owner develops the product backlog, prioritizes it, and is accountable for the functionality delivered throughout each iteration.
Scrum Team Each team controls and organizes their own work in order to finish the sprint or cycle.

Product Backlog

This is a repository for tracking needs, including the number of requirements (user stories) that must be fulfilled for each release. It should be kept up to date and prioritized by the Product Owner and provided to the scrum team. Additionally, the team may request the inclusion, modification, or deletion of a new requirement.

Scrum Practices The following practices are detailed:

Scrum Methodologies’ process flow:

Scrum testing follows the following process flow:

  • Sprints are used to refer to each iteration of a scrum.
  • The product backlog is a list of all the information required to create the final product.
  • During each Sprint, the most important user stories from the Product backlog are chosen and converted to the Sprint backlog.
  • The team works on the sprint backlog that has been established.
  • The team conducts daily inspections on its work.
  • At the sprint’s conclusion, the team provides product functionality.

Extreme Programming (XP)

Extreme Programming is very beneficial when clients’ needs or specifications are continuously changing or when they are unsure about the system’s functioning. It advocates for frequent “releases” of the product in short development cycles, which increases the system’s efficiency and also serves as a checkpoint for any client needs. The XP creates software with the consumer in mind.

The needs for the business are collected in the form of tales. All of those tales are kept at a location known as the parking lot.

Releases are based on shorter cycles called Iterations that last 14 days. Each iteration comprises stages like coding, unit testing, and system testing, during which the application’s minor or significant functionality is developed.

Extreme programming stages:

The Agile XP technique includes six phases, which are described as follows:


  • Identifying the many parties with an interest and sponsors requirements for the infrastructure
  • Information collection and security monitoring Terms and conditions of service level agreements (SLAs)


  • Storytelling in the Parking Lot
  • Organize the tales in the parking lot in order of importance
  • removing unimportant details from accounts in preparation for estimating their importance
  • QA and Development teams resource planning


  • Preparation of each task’s Test Scenario
  • Manual test scenarios Execution of coding Regression Automation Framework


  • Defect Regression test cases conversion from manual to automated report creation
  • Review during the midpoint of the development process
  • Review at the end of each iteration


  • Putting the finishing touches on the newest releases
  • Demonstrations and evaluations of Regression Testing
  • Create fresh tales in response to the need
  • Implementation of process improvements found in iteration reviews


  • Launch of the Closure Pilot
  • Production Training
  • SLA Assurance
  • Review of SOA Strategy
  • Assistance with the production process

Crystal Techniques

Three principles underpin the Crystal Methodology.


This phase includes a variety of tasks, including the formation of a development team, conducting an initial feasibility study, generating an initial plan, and fine-tuning the development process.

Cyclic Delivery:

The primary development phase is divided into two or more delivery cycles, during which the Team updates and refines the release plan.

  • Implements a portion of the requirements through one or more rounds of program test integration.
  • A fully integrated product is made available to actual consumers.
  • Review of the project’s scope and methods of development

Wrap Up:

This phase involves the deployment of the application into the user environment, as well as post-deployment evaluations and reflections.

Dynamic Software Development (DSDM)

DSDM is a software development methodology that utilizes a Rapid Application Development (RAD) approach and offers an agile project delivery framework. The critical feature of DSDM is that users are expected to participate actively and that teams are given decision-making authority. With DSDM, product delivery becomes a primary objective. DSDM employs the following techniques:

  • Prototyping
  • Time Boxing
  • MoSCoW Rules

The DSDM project is divided into seven stages.

  • Pre-Project
  • Feasibility Study
  • Business Analysis
  • Iteration of the Functional Model
  • Iterative design and construction
  • Deployment
  • Post Project

Feature-Driven Development Post-Project (FDD)

This approach is centered on “developing and constructing” features. In contrast to other Agile techniques used in software engineering, FDD defines extremely precise and brief stages of work that must be completed independently for each feature. It entails doing a domain walkthrough, inspecting the design, promoting the build, inspecting the code, and designing. FDD creates products with the following criteria in mind:

  • Modeling of domain objects
  • Development according to feature
  • Ownership of Components/Classes
  • Teams of Note
  • Inspections
  • Management of Configuration
  • Regular Constructions
  • Progress and outcomes visibility

Software Development Using Lean Principles

The lean software development methodology is predicated on the concept of “just in time manufacturing.” It attempts to accelerate software development while lowering costs. Seven steps describe lean development.

  • Waste Elimination
  • Enhancing education Deferring commitment (deciding as late as possible)
  • Delivery on time
  • Equipping the squad
  • Integrity Construction
  • Optimize the whole system


Kanban is a Japanese term that refers to a card that contains all the information necessary to complete a task on a product at each step along its route to completion. This framework or technique is widely used in software testing methodologies, particularly those based on Agile principles.

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